A Zoning Permit, an Agreement in Lieu of an Erosion and Sediment Control Plan (or a Land Disturbance Permit in certain cases), and a Building Permit must be obtained prior to building a house in Orange County. The posting of an erosion control bond is also required for most projects. If the home will utilize a private well and septic drainfield, an application must be made to the local Virginia Department of Health office. If the home will utilize public water and sewer, the provider of those utilities should be contacted to arrange the connection(s). Obtaining the Zoning Permit, Erosion Control Permit, and posting the erosion control bond are always the first steps in the process.